The Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) is a globally recognized organization that promotes excellence in the coffee industry. One of the ways the SCA does this is by establishing quality standards for coffee. The SCA quality score is a widely used measure of coffee quality that can help consumers identify high-quality coffee and ensure that they get their money’s worth.
The SCA quality score is based on a 100-point scale that evaluates various aspects of coffee quality. These aspects include aroma, flavor, aftertaste, acidity, body, balance, and uniformity. The score is determined by a team of trained coffee tasters who use a standardized protocol to evaluate each coffee sample.
To receive a high SCA quality score, a coffee must exhibit a range of desirable characteristics. For example, it should have a distinct and pleasant aroma, a well-balanced flavor with no off-notes or defects, a clean and lingering aftertaste, a bright and lively acidity, and a full and smooth body. Additionally, the coffee must be consistent from cup to cup and free from any defects or inconsistencies.
The SCA quality score is used by coffee professionals and enthusiasts alike to identify high-quality coffee. Coffees that score 80 or above are considered specialty grade and are highly sought after. Specialty grade coffees are typically grown in ideal conditions, carefully harvested, and meticulously processed to ensure that they meet the SCA’s high standards.
One of the benefits of the SCA quality score is that it provides a common language for coffee buyers and sellers. By using the same criteria to evaluate coffee, buyers can compare and contrast different coffees and make informed purchasing decisions. For sellers, having a high-quality score can increase the value of their coffee and make it more marketable to specialty coffee buyers.
However, there are some criticisms of the SCA quality score. Some argue that it places too much emphasis on certain aspects of coffee quality, such as acidity and balance, while neglecting others, such as sweetness and complexity. Additionally, some argue that the score can be subjective, as different tasters may have different preferences and biases.
Despite these criticisms, the SCA quality score remains a widely recognized and respected measure of coffee quality. For coffee enthusiasts, it provides a useful tool for identifying and appreciating high-quality coffee. For coffee professionals, it can help to ensure that they are sourcing and selling the best possible coffee.
So, put simply, the SCA quality score is an important measure of coffee quality that is used by coffee professionals and enthusiasts around the world. It provides a standardised way of evaluating coffee and helps to ensure that high-quality coffee is recognised and valued. While it is not without its criticisms, the SCA quality score remains an essential part of the specialty coffee industry.